Glycolytic Loading in Training of Judokas

Фотографии: 

V.G. Pashintsev, professor, Dr.Hab.
Skryabin Moscow state academy of veterinary medicine and biotechnology, Moscow

Key words: glycolytic load, physical working capacity of judokas, factor analysis.

Introduction. In judo competitive activity occurs mainly in the glycolytic process of energy supply, which affects special physical working capacity and accordingly the training process. It is very hard to choose exercises matching the goals of load and work of the athletes' musculoskeletal system. The suggested method of development of special physical working capacity of judokas conforms to the glycolytic energy supply and sets in motion the whole muscular system of judokas showing their technical and tactical skills [1, 2, 4-6].

The purpose of the study was to analyze the indicators of functional fitness of judokas.

Materials and methods. To test the effect of glycolytic load judokas performed the exercise “jump over partner, crawl between the legs of a partner for 30 sec", then 30 second rest, 5 such repetitions and 7 series, 5 min rest between series, in compliance with the methodology of V.G. Pashintsev, 2008 [7]. The task was associated with the fact that according to the rules of judo contests a bout lasts five minutes, and the interval between bouts can not be less than 5 min. A judoka can have seven bouts within a competition. Thus, athletes were offered the load relevant to competitive conditions in respect to its orientation and intensity. This load was used in the wrestlers’ training for two mesocycles of 60 days. 22 training sessions were held. Motor density of the workout was 21 minutes, the average amount of work done - 400.6 jump. Maximum HR - 190 bpm, minimal - 180 bpm, average 185 bpm, the mean value of lactate 16 mmol/l. Energy consumption during a workout was 641.8 kcal .

Results and discussion. The effect of the glycolytic load on the judokas’ physical working capacity was determined using the factor analysis or the principal component analysis, defining the factor structure of the functional fitness of judokas.

The key features of the principal components are their independence and ability to be ranged according to the level of the contribution to the total dispersion of initial factor characteristics. The first component is the most diverse, revealing the most essential relationship between the features. The second component takes into account most of the remaining dispersion till the moment the whole dispersion is applied.

As a result of the factorization of the matrix of the intercorrelation of 27 initial indices of functional fitness, followed by its rotation according to the quartimax-criterion, the factor model was obtained presented in Table 1.

The starting basis of the obtained factor matrix is intercorrelation matrices, which consist of pair correlation coefficients. In this matrix, the correlation coefficients in many cases help to estimate not the cause-effect relations, but the relations of concomitance caused by the presence of the common causes of the variation formation.

The presented factor model was interpreted in the following way. The most powerful were the four components that explain 71% of the total variance of original features. In this case the first component explains 36% of the total variance, has the largest (in the absolute value) load in the following tests: forced vital capacity (FVC); bronchial patency; expiratory force; rate of phosphocreatine and glucose consumption; increase of creatinine; special endurance coefficient; Stange test and force indicators.

The first component can be interpreted as a factor that regulates glycolytic endurance using the proper work of the pulmonary system, the body's ability to function in conditions of low ventilation, energy supply with phosphocreatine and glucose, development of special endurance.

The second component clarifies 16% of the total variance. Particularly high coefficients of the relation were observed between the second component and pulmonary capacity; inspiratory reserve; average and average at saturation < 88%; blood lactate level. It was interpreted as a factor of the body's ability to work at minimum ventilation using lung capacity and inspiratory reserve.

The third component explains 10 % of the total variance. High load is present in tests which characterize lipid energy supply.

The share of the fourth component is 9 % of the total sample variance. The maximum load falls on the presence of ketones after a workout.

Table. Results of the factor analysis of indices of functional fitness of judokas

Variable

Factor 1

Factor 2

Factor 3

Factor 4

1

FVC

0,821

0,024

-0,077

0,046

2

Bronchial patency

-0,907

-0,139

-0,042

0,019

3

Inspiratory force

-0,691

0,217

0,170

0,285

4

Expiratory force

-0,972

-0,175

0,017

-0,059

5

Pulmonary capacity

-0,079

-0,751

-0,067

-0,241

6

MBC

0,269

0,191

-0,428

0,240

7

Inspiratory reserve

0,192

0,910

0,109

0,055

8

Base SpO2

0,116

-0,076

-0,269

0,652

9

Min. SpO2

-0,325

-0,634

0,272

0,066

10

Av. SpO2

0,265

0,817

0,022

0,097

11

Av. SpO2< 88%

-0,328

-0,843

-0,039

-0,218

12

Phosphocreatine before

0,757

0,129

-0,103

-0,001

13

Phosphocreatine after

-0,897

-0,204

0,084

-0,049

14

Glucose before

-0,336

-0,647

0,283

0,158

15

Glucose after

-0,943

-0,069

0,152

0,036

16

Triglycerides before

-0,222

0,005

0,905

-0,064

17

Triglycerides after

0,142

0,065

0,842

0,079

18

Ketones before

0,394

0,215

0,169

0,447

19

Ketones after

0,167

0,375

-0,057

0,711

20

Lactate

0,195

0,785

-0,286

-0,378

21

MOC before

0,106

-0,300

-0,075

0,494

22

MOC after

-0,001

-0,005

-0,611

-0,536

23

SEC (speed endurance coefficient)

0,967

0,192

-0,079

0,001

24

Stange

0,857

0,138

0,205

0,106

25

Power

0,950

0,062

0,069

0,070

26

Creatinine before

0,284

0,115

0,048

0,484

27

Creatinine after

0,957

0,207

-0,037

0,005

 

Gen. disp.

9,581

4,391

2,583

2,360

 

Total share

0,355

0,163

0,096

0,087

The third and fourth components were combined into a single factor and designated as partial supply of glycolytic working capacity due to lipid oxidation.

Proceeding from the results of the factor analysis of judokas, the glycolytic component of endurance is enhanced via developing pulmonary and buffer systems ensuring workout by oxygen deficiency and enhancing the efficient use of the energy components of phosphocreatine, glucose and partially blood triglycerides. The results obtained correspond to the findings of T. Gabrys' [3] and V.V. Shiyan [8].

References

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  5. Pashintsev, V.G. Glycolytic load in training of judokas / V.G. Pashintsev, V.I. Maksimov // Proceedings of the Kazan State Academy of Veterinary Medicine named after N.E. Bauman. – Kazan, 2013. – P. 317-221. (In Russian)
  6. Mohan, R. Biochemistry of muscular work and physical training / R. Mohan, M. Glesson, P.L. Grinhaff. – Kiev: Olympiyskaya Literatura, 2001. – 295 P. (In Russian)
  7. Pashintsev, V.G. The biological model of functional training of judokas / V.G. Pashintsev // Moscow: Sovetsky sport, 2007. – 208 P. (In Russian)
  8. Shiyan, V.V. Special endurance of judokas and methods of its development: abstract of Ph.D. thesis; SCOLIPhC / V.V. Shiyan. – Moscow, 1983. – 25 P. (In Russian)

 

Author’s contacts: pashincev@mail.ru