Substantiation of the Content of Physical Training Process of Bachelor of Engineering at the Modern State of Development of Agroindustrial Complex

Фотографии: 

S.A. Kovaleva
Azov-Black Sea state agroengineering academy, Zernograd

Key words: agroindustrial complex, professiogram, physical culture, kind of sports activity, physical qualities.

Introduction. WTO accession of Russia, which has become a full member of this organization since August 22, 2012, brings new challenges to ensure competitiveness of the domestic agroindustrial complex (AIC) in the global agricultural market. Agricultural experts capable of solving production problems on the high professional level become the basis of high competitiveness.

In this situation the main goal of Russia is the qualitative training of future experts of the agroindustrial complex (AIC), who are to have professional competences, high physical conditions and working capacity, personal physical culture [1].

Training of a competent specialist of the AIS in harmony with physical education is an important condition of training of a university graduate for professional work in a community, being developed according to the rules of the market economy [2].

The purpose of the study was to determine essential physical qualities specialists of the agroindustrial complex need and kinds of sport they prefer.

Materials and methods. We conducted a questionnaire of 120 graduates of the academy to solve the set problems. The peculiarities of work of AIC experts were studied and the characteristics (physical and psychological) of their working conditions were defined based on professiograms using the method of allocation of essential component [3]. The basic physical qualities and types of sports activity, necessary for stable high efficiency, were detected by testing by the method of paired comparisons [5]

The data on the influence of various physical qualities on the result of applied professional activity was handled by fashion. Intensity of physical loads was measured using pulsometry and processed using the method of detecting the core of statistical data array [3, 4].

Results and discussion. AIC experts work in adverse conditions (8-12 hour working day, and in some cases - all day long, adverse effects of the environment, stress, etc.). Most of the academy graduates are busy with administrative work because of its specifics. The necessary physical qualities and sports, preferable among experts were established in compliance with the research results (Tab. 1 and 2).

Table 1. Characteristics of physical qualities by the results of the questionnaire of AIC experts

Physical characteristics

Fashion

Place

1

Maximum power

2,50

12

2

Responsiveness

7,57

2

3

Strength endurance

5,14

7

4

Speed strength

3,43

11

5

Total endurance

10,00

1

6

Speed endurance

5,21

6

7

Flexibility

5,71

5

8

Coordination of movements

7,50

3

9

Accuracy of movements

6,86

4

10

Rate of movements

4,07

9

11

Sprinter endurance

4,00

10

12

Speed of movements

4,86

8

Table 2. The role of sports and places they occupy

Sports

Fashion

Place

1

Volleyball

7,36

2

2

Basketball

6,79

3

3

Handball

6,43

5

4

Football

6,79

3

5

Wrestling

4,36

10

6

Table tennis

8,21

1

7

Track and field athletics

5,57

7

8

Gymnastics

5,43

8

9

Boxing

4,43

9

10

Badminton

6,00

6

11

Powerlifting

3,00

11

12

Kettlebell lifting

2,50

12

Regarding the role of the effect on the result of work the academy graduates preferred such physical qualities as total endurance – 1st place, responsiveness – 2nd and coordination of movements – 3rd.

Proceeding from the obtained data (Tab. 2) using factor (cluster) analysis, we determined types of sports activity to provide development of physical qualities, necessary for a future Bachelor in agroengineering. We have chosen several sports including table tennis, volleyball, basketball, football, handball, badminton, track and field athletics with the index of the cumulative percentage curve 0,85 to be used in the studies on the discipline “Physical culture”.

The intensity of physical loads of AIC experts varied. The initial level of 60-80 bpm in the spring-autumn period motor activity increased, pulse was within 110-130 bpm, in the winter period motor activity decreased, so the pulse was at the level of 95-110 bpm (Fig.)

Fig. Intensity of physical loads of AIC experts

Conclusion. Maintaining high physical working capacity of AIC experts is related to physical fitness, making high demands to development of total endurance, responsiveness and coordination of movements. Experts need technical knowledge in engineering and on work and rest hygiene with regard to professional work and have to use the means of physical culture and sport during production activity to maintain high working capacity and organize work properly. The obtained indicators of physical qualities stipulate for enhancing applied vocational physical training of bachelors of agroengineering in compliance with the demands of the 3rd generation of Russian state educational standards. Sports chosen by AIC experts conditioned the amendments in the program of applied vocational physical training of bachelors of agroengineering of the agroengineering academy.

References

  1. Andryuschenko, L.B. Conceptual framework for development of physical culture of agricultural university students / L.B. Andryuschenko, O.I. Kolomok. – Voronezh, 2006. – 32 P. (In Russian)
  2. Aydinova, A.T. AIC in conditions of WTO: present and future / A.T. Aydinova, V.S. Bazhanova // Molodoy ucheny. – 2012. – № 12. – P. 165-167. (In Russian)
  3. Grekhovodov, V.A. Innovation methods of processing of the statistical array of sports observations / V.A. Grekhovodov, N.A. Kopteva, A.G. Trushkin. – Rostov-on-Don: TERRA PRINT, 2009. – 132 P. (In Russian)
  4. Il’inich, V.I. Applied vocational physical training of university students / V.I. Il’inich. – Moscow, 1978. – 110 P. (In Russian)
  5. Chistyakov, V.A. The use of the theory of information exchange in the educational process: monograph / V.A. Chistyakov. – St.Petersburg: RIC SPbSU, 2001. – P. 209. (In Russian)

Author’s contacts: ksazernograd@rambler.ru