Peculiarities of development of winter polyathletes' physical qualities depending on their qualifications

PhD, Associate Professor O.V. Ilyushin1, 2
PhD, Associate Professor F.G. Gazizov1
N.A. Kolochanova1
I.I. Basirov1
E.M. Mukhametzyanov1
1Kazan (Volga region) Federal University, Kazan
2Kazan State Power Engineering University, Kazan

Objective of the study was to identify the peculiarities of development of strength and speed-strength qualities of winter polyathletes depending on their qualifications.
Methods and structure of the study. The experiment was carried out at the Department of Physical Education of Kazan State Power Engineering University. The subjects were tested during the competitions, when their physical and physiological possibilities were maximized. Sampled for the study were 20 qualified athletes (males): Class I - 11 subjects; Candidate Masters of Sport and Masters of Sport - 9 subjects, who were divided into 2 subgroups according to their qualifications.
During the competitive cycle, the athletes were asked to perform the tests to determine the level of development of their strength and speed-strength qualities.
Results of the study and conclusions. In the course of muscle training, the strength fitness rates in Candidate Masters of Sport and Masters of Sport were considerably higher than in Class I athletes. The speed-strength indicators in Candidate Masters of Sport and Masters of Sport did not differ significantly in comparison with those Class I athletes. Based on the findings, it can be concluded that in the planning of training loads in the annual training cycle, it is important to maintain the achieved level of performance of motor actions and on this basis develop the speed-strength qualities, thus increasing their effectiveness, which will further on lead to the achievement of high sports results and more stable competitive performance.

Keywords: polyathlon, strength, speed, qualification, training, Candidate Master of Sport, Master of Sport.

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