Physical education and sports in Arab countries: social aspect

Dr.Sc.Soc., Professor I.V. Leskova1
Postgraduate student Marah Raje Dali2
Postgraduate student N.Y. Barieva1
PhD E.V. Maksimova3
Dr.Hab., Associate Professor A.A. Peredelsky2
1Russian State Social University, Moscow
2Russian State University of Physical Education, Sport, Youth and Tourism (SCOLIPE), Moscow
3Moscow Sity University, Moscow

Objective of the study was to conduct a theoretical analysis of the publications devoted to the development of the physical education and sports sector in the Arab countries in the social context.
Methods and structure of the study. One allotment of the analyzed material was developed by Arab authors, the other - by Russian experts. The study covers the period from the mid 20th to the early 21st century. We analyzed the publications devoted to the changes in the physical education and sport sector in the Arab countries during the study period in the social context. The information was drawn from the electronic library of Russian State University of Physical Education, Sport, Youth, and Tourism.
Results of the study and conclusions. For the study purposes, we analyzed the topics related to: development of the physical education and sport sector and the state administration system in this field in Algeria; problems of professional activities of physical education teachers at universities of the USSR and Iraq; sociological research on the physical education system in Iraq; identification of the social determinants of physical education and sports in Palestine, etc.
The authors conclude that the development of the physical education and sport sector in the Arab countries has its own peculiarities related to the religiousness of the society, gender inequality, and insufficient development of sports infrastructure. There has been very little scientific information on the social aspects of development of the physical culture and sports sector in the Arab countries since the mid 20th to the early 21st century. The available scientific information generally contains a wide range of issues related to physical education and sports.

Keywords: physical education and sports, Arab countries, Soviet and Russian publications.

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