Pedagogical control and self-control of physical fitness level of young population during physical activity

PhD, Associate Professor A.V. Antipov1
PhD, Associate Professor I.V. Kulishenko1
PhD, Associate Professor E.V. Shustova1
1Moscow State Regional University, Moscow

Objective of the study was to develop and substantiate a system of pedagogical control and self-control of the physical fitness level of the young population during physical exercises and sports activities.
Methods and structure of the study. The study was carried out on the basis of higher educational institutions of Moscow and the Moscow region in 2015-2019. Sampled for the study were 1,284 students aged 17-22 years. During physical exercises, various methods were applied to monitor the subjects' body state: pedagogical observation; questionnaire survey of the students; keeping of a diary of self-control of the current body state.
Results of the study and conclusions. The article presents the results of the control tests designed to study the levels of morphofunctional development and physical fitness of student youth. The girls and boys were found to have a pronounced right-sided asymmetry in the run test. The rest of the control tests revealed varying degrees of left-sided  asymmetry in the random distribution curves. The prevalence of negative values in the density of distribution curves for the empirical data on the students' motor fitness rates indicated a relatively flattened distribution as compared to the normal one. Therefore, there was a moderate decline in the level of physical development and the motor fitness of the examined university students. Yet, most of the indicators corresponded to the mean values for the surveyed population, with little variation in the individual data.
The results obtained made it possible to optimize the process of physical education and selection of sports and exercises aimed to improve health and motor fitness of the young population.

Keywords: young population, pedagogical control, self-control, physical fitness, physical exercise, sport.

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